Why Are Smartphones Getting So Expensive?

iPhone X (X pronounced "ten" /ˈtɛn/) is a phablet designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. Apple CEO Tim Cook announced the iPhone X on September 12, 2017, alongside the iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus at the Steve Jobs Theater in the Apple Park campus. The phone is slated for release on November 3, 2017. This iPhone marks the iPhone's tenth anniversary, with "X" being the symbol for "ten" in Roman numerals.

Within Apple's line-up, the iPhone X is positioned as a high-end, premium model intended to showcase advanced technologies, such as wireless charging, OLED display, dual cameras with improved depth sensing, and a face recognition unlock system called Face ID


Specifications
Hardware
The iPhone X has a 5.8-inch (diagonal) OLED color-accurate screen that supports DCI-P3 wide color gamut, sRGB, and high dynamic range. This "Super Retina HD Display" has the True Tone technology found on the iPad Pro, which uses six-channel ambient light sensors to adapt the display's color temperature to the surrounding ambient light. It has a typical contrast ratio of 1,000,000:1, a typical maximum brightness of 625 cd/m2, (or nits), and a fingerprint-resistant oleophobic coating.
The iPhone X has two color options, Silver and Space Grey. The front and back of the phone are composed of surgical-grade stainless steel to improve durability. The design is intended to be IP67 water and dust resistant.

The iPhone X contains the Apple's A11 Bionic SoC, which is a hexa-core processor using the 10nm process. It has the Neural Engine, which is the AI accelerator. It has two cores optimized for performance which is 25 percent faster than the A10 Fusion along with four efficiency-optimized core which is 70 percent faster than the iPhone 7.
Face ID replaces the Touch ID system. The Flood illuminator is an invisible infrared light that helps identify the user's face in the dark. A dot projector uses more than 30,000 invisible dots that are projected onto the face to build its unique facial map. An infrared camera reads the dot pattern, captures an infrared image, then sends the data to the secure enclave in the A11 Bionic chip (which contains a dedicated AI accelerator) to confirm a match. The system will not work with eyes closed, preventing access if unattended.
The iPhone X features two cameras, a 12 MP wide-angle camera with six-element lens, autofocusIR filterburst mode, f/1.8 aperturedigital image stabilization, and optical image stabilization. It can record 4K video at 24, 30, or 60 fps or 1080p at 30 or 60 fps, and slow-motion video (1080p at 120 or 240 fps), timelapse with stabilization. It can capture panoramas, and recognize faces. The telephoto lens has 2× optical zoom / 10× digital zoom, Portrait Lighting (beta), f/2.4 aperture, and optical image stabilization. It also has a quad-LED "True Tone" flash with Slow Sync.
It has a 7 MP TrueDepth camera with a f/2.2 aperture. It can capture in burst mode, it has an exposure controlface detection, auto-HDR, auto image stabilization, Retina flash, 1080p HD video recording, and it now enables Portrait mode (blurred background), Portrait Lighting (beta) and Animoji (animated emojis). It also supports Qi-standard wireless charging.
Software
The iPhone X will launch with a tweaked version of iOS 11.1 to use the different screen layout.
The home button, which made its debut on the original iPhone, has been removed from iPhone X and most of its functions replaced with gestures, as on the home button-less Nokia N9BlackBerry Z10, and WebOS. Some features like Siri and Apple Pay will require the new side button.

The Samsung Galaxy S8 and Samsung Galaxy S8+ (shortened to S8 and S8+, respectively) are Android smartphones produced by Samsung Electronics as part of the Samsung Galaxy S series. Unveiled on 29 March 2017, they succeed the Samsung Galaxy S7 and S7 Edge, with a North American release on 21 April 2017 and UK availability on 28 April 2017.
The S8 and S8+ contain upgraded hardware and major design changes over their predecessors, the Galaxy S7 and S7 Edge, including larger screens with a taller aspect ratio and curved sides on both the smaller and larger models, iris and face recognition, a new suite of virtual assistant features known as Bixby (along with a new dedicated physical button for launching the assistant), and a docking station accessory that allows the phones to be used with a personal computer-styled desktop interface with keyboard and mouse input support.
The S8 and S8+ received mostly positive reviews. Their design and form factor received praise, while critics also liked the updated software and camera optimizations. They received criticism for duplicate software apps, lackluster Bixby features at launch, for the placement of the fingerprint sensor on the rear next to the camera and for poor biometric options for unlocking the phone. Videos published after the phones' release have proven that the devices' facial and iris scanners can be fooled by suitable photographs of the user.
The S8 and S8+ were in high demand at release. During the pre-order period, a record one million units were booked in South Korea, and overall sales numbers were 30% higher than the Galaxy S7. However, subsequent reports in May announced sales of over five million units, a notably lower first-month sales number than previous Galaxy S series models.

Specifications

Hardware

The Galaxy S8 and S8+ both feature 1440p Super AMOLED displays, with an 18.5:9 aspect ratio taller than the 16:9 ratio used by the majority of smartphones; the S8 has a 5.8-inch panel, while the S8+ uses a larger 6.2-inch panel. The displays are both curved along the side bezels of the device, with minimal bezels that Samsung markets as an Infinity Display, and the display panel itself has rounded edges. They use DCI-P3, offering what screen-testing website DisplayMate describes as the largest native color gamut, highest peak brightness, highest contrast rating in ambient light, highest screen resolution, lowest reflectance, and highest contrast ratio. The S8 features an octa-core Exynos system-on-chip and 4 GB of RAM; models in North American markets utilize the Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 instead. Both chips are manufactured by Samsung with a 10 nmprocess. They contain 64 GB of internal storage, expandable via microSD card. The Galaxy S8 is one of the first smartphones to support Bluetooth 5, supporting new capabilities such as connecting two wireless headphones to the device at once. It is also bundled with Harman AKG earbuds. Both smartphones have improved satellite navigation over the predecessors by including Galileo receivers. In the United States, the devices are available in black, gray and silver color options, whereas gold and blue are available internationally. The blue option was made available in the US in July 2017.
Unlike past Galaxy S series models, the S8 does not feature physical navigation keys, electing to use on-screen keys instead. However, unlike other implementations, the home button can still be activated if it is hidden or the screen is off. The S8's display features pressure sensitivity limited to the home button. To prevent the home button from burn-in damage, its position moves slightly. While The Verge claims that the S8 uses the exact same 12-megapixel rear camera as the S7, though with software improvements, a report from PhoneArena claims that the phones carry new, custom camera modules. The front-facing camera was upgraded to an 8-megapixel sensor with autofocus. The S8 features fingerprint and iris scanners; the fingerprint reader was located to the rear of the device, next to the camera, due to the removal of the physical home button. In addition to an iris scanner, the S8 also features face-scanning as an option to unlock the phone. Face recognition technology had previously been implemented in earlier models like the Galaxy S III and Galaxy S4.
The S8 and S8+ use non-removable 3000 and 3500 mAh batteries respectively; Samsung stated that it had engineered the batteries to retain their capacity for a longer period of time than previous models. The S8 supports AirFuel Inductive (formerly PMA) and Qi wireless charging standards. Due to the recalls of the Samsung Galaxy Note 7, Samsung said in a press conference it is committed to stricter quality control and safety testing procedures on all of the company's future products.
Samsung also launched a Galaxy S8+ with 128 GB of storage and 6 GB of RAM exclusively in China and South Korea, and a bundle offer in the countries provides both the exclusive model and the Samsung DeX docking station. The unique variant was also released in India in June 2017.

Software

The Galaxy S8 runs Android 7.0 "Nougat" with the proprietary Samsung Experience (formerly TouchWiz) user interface and software suite. The software features a suite of assistant functions known as "Bixby", which is designed primarily to interact with Samsung's bundled applications and other supported services. The feature allows the use of voice commands to perform phone functions, can generate cards shown on a home screen page (replacing the Flipboard integration formerly featured) based on a user's interactions, and perform searches utilizing object recognition via the camera.
Bixby will support third-party integration via an SDK. The S8 supports the use of a docking station known as Samsung DeX to access a PC-like desktop environment on an external display, with support for mouse and keyboard input. On 21 April 2017, coinciding with the phone's official retail date, reports surfaced that the default music player on the Galaxy S8 would be Google Play Music, continuing a trend that started with the S7 in 2016. However, for the S8, Samsung partnered with Google to incorporate additional exclusive features into the app, including the ability to upload up to 100,000 tracks to the service's cloud storage, an increase from the 50,000 tracks users is normally allowed to upload. Additionally, new users get a three-month free trial to the service, the same as given to users who purchase Google's own Pixel smartphone. Furthermore, Google stated that more Samsung-exclusive features will be added to the app in the future and that the Bixby assistant will also be supported by the app. Bixby replaces S Voice, the voice recognition technology previously found in Samsung Galaxy models.
In May 2017, Google announced that the Galaxy S8 and S8+ will support the company's Daydream virtual reality platform after Samsung rolls out a software update scheduled for mid-2017. In July 2017, Verizon began rolling out an update for its devices, with support for Daydream.
Thanks to Wikipedia: Samsung Galaxy S8 IPhone X

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